AFOS


Association for the Foundations of Science, Language and Cognition

AFOS is an international professional association of both working scientists and theorists of science, language and cognition who seek to learn how well founded knowledge of the states of affairs and processes surrounding us can be achieved and communicated in a systematic, applicable and improvable form. The association has a number of purposes. Principal among these is to bring together scientists and those interested in scientific method to discuss foundational issues in a precise and rigorous manner. AFOS will engage in all the forms of activity typical for scientific associations: conferences, workshops, publications, sponsoring and/or supervising specific research projects. For more info about the aims, see the Constitution of AFOS.

Full membership is be open to qualified scientists, theorists of science, and philosophers who are in sympathy with the objectives of the Association.

Contents:


News


About this Web site

We would like to invite all members of AFOS to send us suggestions about the content of this WWW site. In particular we would like to receive information about links that we could make with AFOS related www pages, such that the AFOS WWW site can function as a continuously updated forum of information for our AFOS members and regional AFOS groups. We especially invite the chairpersons of the AFOS regional groups:
  • if they have their own www page, to send us this address so that pages can be linked to the AFOS main www site.
  • if they do not have their own www page, a special page can be made for them on this site. In this case the regional groups should send us the material, preferably already ordered and structured in such a way as it should be for the construction of their www page (compare to the structure of the main AFOS site).

  • EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE of AFOS

    President: Ryszard Wojcicki (Poland): afos@plearn.edu.pl

    Vice-President: Paul Humphreys (USA): pwh2a@virginia.edu

    Secretary: Diederik Aerts (Belgium): diraerts@vub.ac.be

    Executive Committee :

    The President, Vice-President, and the Executive Committee deal with and coordinate the business of AFOS.


    HOW TO JOIN AFOS

    All scientists as well as all theorists and philosophers of science who believe that foundational problems of science deserve to be systematically studied and discussed are kindly invited to join AFOS. Note please that AFOS does not have a rigid organizational structure. Rather, it is a community of people who share interest in specific problems and join in specific activities. The communication among the members of AFOS is kept via this web-site, via the AFOS-newsletter which is distributed electronically and via FOUNDATIONS OF SCIENCE, the official journal of AFOS.

    All who wish to join AFOS should sent a short bio-sketch (not more than 150 words) to the Secretary of AFOS, Diederik AERTS (diraerts@vub.ac.be). The bio-sketch should contain both electronic and regular address for communication. It should also list those scientific activities (publications in particular) which prove that the candidate satisfies the requirements of the Constitution of AFOS. The candidates whose applications are accepted by the Executive Committee of the Association will be listed in the Directory of AFOS.

    Only those candidates who have a direct electronic address can be accepted as FULL MEMBERS of the Association. People who do not have a direct access to interenet, but they can be reached electronically via a full member of AFOS who explicitly agrees to act as a go-in-between might apply for ASSOCIATE MEMBERSHIP.


    AFOS mailing lists

    Two electronic mailing lists have been created at the Free University of Brussels, to facilitate the communication among members of AFOS: afos@listserv.vub.ac.be (for announcements) and afos-wg@listserv.vub.ac.be (for discussions). The mailing lists are open to new subscriptions. To subscribe one has to proceed in the following way: send an e-mail message to the address majordomo@listserv.vub.ac.be leaving the subject field of the message empty and writing in the text field either: (subscription to the announcements list) or (subscription to the discussion list)

    Specific questions about the mailing lists can be directed to Diederik Aerts (diraerts@vub.ac.be)


    FOUNDATIONS OF SCIENCE

    Foundations of Science (FOS) is the name of the official journal of AFOS. It is presently edited by Diederik Aerts and published by Kluwer Academic.

    SUBSCRIPTION ORDER INFORMATION

    Beginning from 1997 Foundations of Science, is published by Kluwer. Payments for subscription fees should be addressed to Bookkeeping Dept., Kluwer Academic Publishers, Spuiboulevard 50, 3300 AA Dordrecht, The Netherlands

    either in cheque to the above address or payment to the bank:

    Bankers: ABN-AMRO, Dordrecht, Account Number: 51.34.52.206

    PUBLICATION PROGRAM, 1995/97:

    Volume 1 (4 issues published in March and September of 1995 and 1996.)

    Volume 1, number 1:

    Guest Editor: Bas C. van Fraassen, Department of Philosophy, Princeton University, 1879 Hall, Princeton NJ 08540, USA.
    FOUNDATIONS OF SCIENCE - DISCUSSION: ...................................5-18
    
    Bas van Fraassen........A Philosophical Approach to Foundations of Science
    Patrick Suppes...........A Pluralistic View of Foundations of Science
    Arne Collen.............The Foundation of Science
    
    THE FOUNDATIONS OF STATISTICS:
    
    David Freedman.........Some Issues in the Foundations of Statistics....19-39
    Comments by James Berger, E. L. Lehmann, Paul Holland,
    Clifford Clogg, Neil Henry.............................................41-67
    David Freedman..........Rejoinder .....................................69-83
    Diedrik Aerts and Sven Aerts......Applications of Quantum
    Statistics in Psychological Studies of Decision Processes..............85-97
    Maria Carla Galavotti...Operationism, Probability and Quantum
    Mechanics ............................................................99-118
    Paul Humphreys..........Computational Empiricism.....................119-130
    
    VARIA:
    
    Joseph Agassi...........Blame Not the Laws of Nature.................131-154
                                       ***
    Biographical Notes...................................................155-157
    On AFOS (some history of the initiative
    and some recent developments)........................................159-160
    Joseph Agassi.......Summary of AFOS Workshop, 1994...................161-166

    Volume 1, number 2

    AUTOMATED DISCOVERY
    Herbert Simon............Machine Discovery
    Wei-Min Shen.............The Process of Discovery
    Jan Zytkow...............A Survey of Automated Discovery

    Volume 1, number 3

    TRUTH IN SCIENCE I;
    Susan Haack - Science is neither Sacred Nor a Confidence Trick.......323-335
    Ryszard Wojcicki - Theories, Theoretical Models, Truth. Part I:
    Popperian and Non-Popperian Theories in Science......................337-406
    Guliano Toraldo di Francia - Historical Truth........................407-416
    Comments by Helena Eilstein, Jerzy Topolski..........................417-425
    Guliano Toraldo di Francia - Answers to My Discussants...............427-428
    VARIA:
    Gerhard Schurz - Scientific Explanation: a Critical Survey...........429-471
                                     ***
    Limits of Science - Cracow, 1996.....................................473-475
    Some facts on AFOS...................................................477-478

    Volume 1, number 4

    TRUTH IN SCIENCE II
    Ryszard Wojcicki - Theories, Theoretical Models, Truth. Part II:
    Tarski's THeory of Truth and its Relevance for the Theory of Science.483-528
    Pawel Zeidler and Danuta Sobczynska - The idea of Realism in the
    new Experimentalism and the Problem of the Existence of
    Theoretical Entities in Chemistry....................................529-547
    Comments by Ian Hacking..............................................549-554
    VARIA:
    Glenn Shafer: The Situation of Causality.............................555-575
    
    FOS 2:1
    Mathematics Essential Tensions.
    Guest editors: M. Heller
    (Vatican Observatory, V-00120, Vatican Sity State),
     J. Urbaniec (Institute of Computer Science, Jagiellonian University, Krakow). 
    
    Main paper:
    Roman Duda "Mathematics: Essential Tensions"

    FOS 2:2.

    THE PRECAUTIONARY PRINCIPLE AND ITS IMPLICATIONS FOR SCIENCE,
    Guest Editor: Matthias Kaiser (National Committee for Research Ethics in Science and Technology (NENT), Norway) 
    Contents:
    Matthias Kaiser: Introduction
    
    John Lemons, Kristin Shrader--Frechette and Carl Cranor: 
    The Precautionary Principle: Scientific Uncertainty and Type I and Type II Errors
    
     Laura Westra
    Post-Normal Science, the Precautionary Principle and the Ethics of Integrity
    
     Philippe H. Martin 
    ``If You Don't Know How to Fix It, Please Stop Breaking It!" The Precautionary Principle and Climate Change 
    
    Sven Ove Hansson
    The Limits of Precaution 
    
    Matthias Kaiser
    Fish--Farming and the Precautionary. Principle.
    POPPERIAN FORUM
    
     Adam Grobler
    Popper's Switch from Justification to Critical Preferences
     
     Timothy Childers
    Popper on Naturalism and the Foundations of Methodology 
    
     Noretta Koertge
    Popper's Contributions to our Understanding of Social Science
    
     Ryszard Wójcicki
    Popperian vs. Suppesian Theories
    
     Helena Eilstein
    Two Remarks


    SOME AFOS ACTIVITIES

    FIRST SUMMER SCHOOL FOR THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE

    The School was organized under auspices of the Association for Foundations of Science Language and Cognition in cooperation with the Institute of Philosophy and Sociology of the Polish Academy of Science. It was held in Warsaw -- M\c adralin, 16 -- 31 of August, 1997.

    The School was sponsored by the following two Institutions of the Soros foundations network: The Higher Education Support Program of the Open Society Institute and Stefan Batory Foundation.

    Steering Committee of the School was:

    Ryszard Wójcicki - Chair (Poland), Diderik Aerts (Belgium), Evandro Agazzi (Switzerland), Nancy Cartwright (UK), Maria Luiza Dalla Chiara (Italy), Irina Dobronravova (Ukraina), Gerald L. Eberlein (Germany), Leo Esakia (Georgia), Victor Finn (Russia), Adolf Grunbaum (USA), Stephan Hartmann (Germany), Peter Kolar (Czech Republik), Andrzej Lewenstam (Finland), Kestutis Masiulis (Lithuania), Wolfgang Spohn (Germany), Ronald P. Thompson (Canada), Tibor Vamos (Hungary), Paul Weingartner (Austria).

    The program of the School consisted of the following

    Courses:

    Lectures Popperian Forum --- panel discussion on the relevance of the Popperian philosophy to the contemporary theory of knowledge. (4) Contributions of the following students of the School: Fyodor Borodin, Danil Dorofeev, Alexey Iline, Gleb Maslov, Tatiana Salnikova (Russia), Pawe\l Kawalec, Artur Koterski, Tomasz Rzepi´nski, Wojciech Rege\'nczuk, S\'wierczy\' nski Maciej, Anna Rykowska} (Poland), Peter Andras, George Clitan, Liliana Borsan, Corina Cirluega Serban Leoca (Rumunia), Vihren Bouzov (Bulgaria), Olga Korpalo, Katerina Priazenceva, Sergey Pukas (Ukraina), Alexander Kuisz (Belorus), Sonja Smets (Belgium), Richardo Campa (Italy), Javier Arias Vilanova (Spain).

    The Second Summer School for Theory of Knowledge is planned to be held in the same place {M\c adralin -- Warsaw} in the Second half of July 1998. For more information contact the Organizers by e-mail: kschool@plearn.edu.pl

    20th World Congress of Philosophy

    Bialkowski panel


    This Web page is provided by the Center Leo Apostel, a regional center of AFOS.