Christopher Kuner


Christopher Kuner

Christopher Kuner is a professor of law and co-chair of the Brussels Privacy Research Hub at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) in Brussels. He is also an affiliated lecturer in the Faculty of Law of the University of Cambridge, associate professor in the Law Faculty of the University of Copenhagen, and a Visiting Professor in the Department of Law of the London School of Economics and Political Science. He is also Senior Privacy Counsel in the Brussels office of the international law firm Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati.

Dr. Kuner is editor-in-chief of the law journal 'International Data Privacy Law' published by Oxford University Press. He holds a doctorate in law from Tilburg University (the Netherlands), an LL.M. from New York University (NYU), a US law degree (J.D.) from Notre Dame Law School, and a B.A. from Lawrence University. He has been a visiting fellow at the Centre for International Legal Studies and at Wolfson College of the University of Cambridge, and at the Oxford Internet Institute.

In July 2015 he taught a special course in the private international law section of the summer school of the Hague Academy of International Law ("Data Protection Law and International Commercial Arbitration", with Daniel Cooper). The course will be published in the Recueil des Cours of the Academy.

He has been active in international organizations such as the Council of Europe, the OECD, and UNCITRAL, and in various expert groups of the European Commission. He was chair for ten years of the Task Force on Privacy and the Protection of Personal Data of the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC).

On 26 June, 2015 he was awarded the "Best Consumer Supporter" award and medal by the Consumer Affairs Agency of the government of Japan. In June 2010 he was awarded the Burton Award for Excellence in Legal Writing of the Burton Foundation for my article "Onward Transfer of Personal Data Under the U.S. Safe Harbor Framework," Bloomberg BNA's Privacy & Security Law Report, August 17, 2009.

Dr. Kuner is also a member of the EU-US Privacy Bridges Group; the Data Privacy Advisory Group of UN Global Pulse; the Advisory Board of BNA's Privacy and Security Law Report; the editorial board of the German legal journal "Multimedia und Recht" (Verlag C.H. Beck); the academic advisory board of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Datenschutz und Datensicherheit (German Society for Data Protection and Data Security); and the editorial board of the International Journal of Law and Information Technology (Oxford University Press).

Further information is available on his personal web site



- Transborder Data Flows and Data Privacy Law (Oxford University Press 2013)

- European Data Protection Law: Corporate Compliance and Regulation (2nd edition, Oxford

- University Press 2007); Chinese version published in 2008 by Law Press China

- European Data Privacy Law and Online Business (Oxford University Press 2003)

- Internet Marketplaces: The Law of Auctions and Exchanges Online (Oxford University Press 2002) [co-author: Christina Ramberg]

- Internet für Juristen (Verlag C.H. Beck 1996, 2nd edition 1999)

Book Chapters

- ‘The Court of Justice of the EU Judgment on Data Protection and Internet Search Engines: Current Issues and Future Challenges’, forthcoming in: Studies of the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for International, European and Regulatory Procedural Law (Nomos/Brill 2015) ‘Foreign Nationals and Data Protection Law: a Transatlantic Analysis’, in: Hielke Hijmans and Herke Kranenborg (eds), Data Protection Anno 2014: How to Restore Trust? 213-224 (intersentia 2014)

- Commentary on Articles 21, 22, 23, 24, and 25 of the Convention, in: Wolfgang Kilian and Amelia Boss (eds), The UNCITRAL Convention on the Use of Electronic Communications in International Contracts 245-259 (Kluwer 2008)


- Study for the OECD, “Regulation of Transborder Data Flows under Data Protection and Privacy Law: Past, Present, and Future” (October 2010), online at

- Study for DG Internal Market of the European Commission on the interaction of EU data protection rules and online copyright enforcement (November 2010), online at OECD Study on “Report on Compliance with, and Enforcement of, Privacy Protection Online”, February 12, 2003, online at SSRN

English Articles and Publications

- Google Spain in the EU and international context, 22 Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law 158-167 (2015)

- Data nationalism and its discontents, 64 Emory Law Journal Online 2088-2098 (2015) The European Union and the Search for an International Data Protection Framework, vol. 2, no. 2 Groningen Journal of International Law 55-71 (2014)

- The Proposed EU Data Protection Regulation One Year Later: the Albrecht Report, BNA Bloomberg Privacy and Security Law Report (2013) 21 January 2013, pages 1-7 [co-authors: Anna Pateraki and Cédric Burton]

- The European Commission’s Proposed Data Protection Regulation: A Copernican Revolution in European Data Protection Law, BNA Bloomberg Privacy and Security Law Report (2012) 6 February 2012, pages 1-15

- Data Protection Law and International Jurisdiction on the Internet Part 1 (18 International Journal of Law and Information Technology (2010) 18(2) 176-193) (cited by Advocate General Cruz Villalón of the Court of Justice of the EU in his Opinion in Case C-230/14 Weltimmo, 25 June 2015, footnote 29; Part 2 (18 International Journal of Law and Information Technology (2010) 18(3) 227-247)

- An International Legal Framework for Data Protection: Issues and Prospects, (2009) 25 Computer Law and Security Review 307-318

- Onward Transfers of Personal Data under the US Safe Harbor Framework, 2009 BNA Privacy & Security Law Reporter, 17 August 2009, pages 1-6

- Proportionality in European Data Protection Law and its Importance for Data Processing by Companies, 2008 BNA Privacy & Security Law Reporter, 10 November 2008, pages 1-5

- Data Protection and Rights Protection on the Internet: The Promusicae Judgment of the European Court of Justice, 2008 European Intellectual Property Review 199-202

- Membership in the U.S. Safe Harbor Program by Data Processors, 2008 BNA Privacy & Security Law Reporter, 12 May 2008, pages 1-5

- Privacy, Security and Transparency: Challenges for Data Protection Law in a New Europe, (2005) 16 European Business Law Review, pages 1-8

- Beyond Safe Harbor: European Data Protection Law and Electronic Commerce, 35 International Lawyer 79-88 (2001)

- Written Signature Requirements and Electronic Authentication: A Comparative Perspective, EDI Law Review 143-154 (1999) [co-author: Anja Miedbrodt]

- Dispute Resolution in International Electronic Commerce, 1997 Journal of International Arbitration 5-37 [co-author: Michael Schneider]

- The New Arbitration Rules of the China International Economic Trade and Arbitration Commission, 1995 Arbitration International 183-196 [Co-author: Rong R. Yan]

- German Federal Constitutional Court Judgment of the Maastricht Treaty of October 12, 1993, 33 International Legal Materials 388-444 (1994) [translation with Dr. Gerhard Wegen]

- Book Review, Der Vertrag: wie ich über die deutsche Einheit verhandelte (by Wolfgang Schäuble), 87 American Journal of International Law 188-89 (1993)

- Personal Jurisdiction Based on the Presence of Property in German Law, 5 Transnational Lawyer 691-723 (1992)

- Interpretation of Multilingual Treaties: Comparison of Texts versus the Presumption of Similar Meaning, 40 International and Comparative Law Quarterly 953-64 (1991)

- The Public Policy Exception to the Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards in the United States and West Germany under the New York Convention, 7 Journal of International Arbitration 71-91 (1990)

German Articles

- Die alternativen Standardvertragsklauseln der EU für internationale Datenübermittlungen, 2005 Recht der Datenverarbeitung 193-201 [co-author: Dr. Jörg Hladjk]

- Internationale Zuständigkeitskonflikte im Internet, 1996 Computer und Recht 453-458 (cited by the German Federal Supreme Court (Bundesgerichtshof) in a leading case on international jurisdiction, Decision of December 12, 2000, 1 StR 184/00)

- Digitale Unterschriften im Internet-Zahlungsverkehr: Rechtliches in Deutschland und USA, 1996 NJW-Computerreport 108-116

- Die neuen WIPO-Schiedsregeln, 1995 Recht der internationalen Wirtschaft 965-971

- Das Internet für Juristen, 1994 NJW-Computerreport 369-373

- Die neuen internationalen Handelsschiedsgesetze der US-amerikanischen Einzelstaaten, 1994

- Recht der internationalen Wirtschaft 368-370

- Zur völkerrechtswidrigen Entführung nach US-amerikansichem Recht/Die Alvarez-Machain-Entscheidung des US Supreme Court, 1993 Europäische Grundrechte Zeitschrift 1-5

- Fremdwährungsurteile in New York, 1992 Recht der internationalen Wirtschaft 473-74

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