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Bisphenol A based polyester binder as an effective interlaminar toughener

Daelemans L., van der Heijden S., De Baere I., Muhammad I., Van Paepegem W., Rahier H. and De Clerck K.Bisphenol A based polyester binder as an effective interlaminar toughener,COMPOSITES PART B-ENGINEERING,80: 145-153,2015 (OCT).

doi: 10.1016/j.compositesb.2015.05.044

Bisphenol A based thermoplastic polyesters are commonly used in the industry as binders, or tackifiers, to produce cost-saving preforms in Liquid Composite Moulding processes such as Vacuum Assisted Resin Transfer Moulding (VARTM). However, it is often reported that the presence of these polyesters has a detrimental effect on the mechanical properties of the resulting composite laminates. In contrast, this study shows that interlaminar toughness can be increased without negatively affecting other properties by coating the reinforcing plies with a bisphenol A based thermoplastic polyester if some precautions are taken in mind. 

The polyester was added to an epoxy resin in order to study its effect on the thermophysical properties and fracture toughness of the bulk epoxy. The polyester molecules acted as a plasticizer for the epoxy resin when the polyester was added in low amounts. This increased the bulk fracture toughness of the epoxy resin by 30%. Polyester modified glass/epoxy laminates were produced and tested for Mode I interlaminar fracture toughness and flexural properties. The increased toughness of the epoxy matrix led to a 60% increased Mode I interlaminar fracture toughness of the laminates, without negatively affecting flexural stiffness and strength of the laminates.


    author  = "Daelemans, L.; van der Heijden, S.; De Baere, I.; Muhammad, I.; Van Paepegem, W.; Rahier, H.; De Clerck, K.",
    title   = "Bisphenol A based polyester binder as an effective interlaminar toughener",
    year    = "2015",
    volume  = "80",
    number  = "",
    pages   = "145-153",
    month   = "OCT",
    doi     = "10.1016/j.compositesb.2015.05.044",
    note    = "",