Vrije Universiteit BrusselDevelopment of Ancient Civilization in Cyprus in the Global Context of Recent Paleoenvironmental Evolution. Development of Ancient Civilization in Cyprus in the Global Context of Recent Paleoenvironmental Evolution. Development of Ancient Civilization in Cyprus in the Global Context of Recent Paleoenvironmental Evolution. Development of Ancient Civilisation in the Global Context Recent Palaeoenvironmental Evolution


 

Development of Ancient Civilization in Cyprus in the Global Context of Recent Paleoenvironmental Evolution.

Welcome

This geoarchaeological project is a collaboration between the Mediterranean Archaeological Research Institute (MARI) and the Department of Geology at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (GEOL). It has been launched to investigate the interaction between men and the palaeoenvironments in the Larnaca region (southeast Cyprus) during the Late Bronze Age.
A part of this project concerns the identification of the provenance of the raw material utilized in production of pottery and potential source changes during this period. It tests the use of lead isotopic signatures as a tracer of the pottery source.
This project is financed by the Research Council of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (Horizontale Onderzoeksactie 11).

Research Philosophy

Integrated Approach

Although, geologists and archaeologists have been working together since several decades, they are not always functioning as an integrated team. For example, natural scientists take often samples during an archaeological excavation or samples are send for analysis and the results are published in a separate chapter or appendix to the archaeological report. Consequently, there is sometimes not enough critical consideration of the results and socio-economical or cultural misinterpretations may happen. In this project, we intend to join both geological and archaeological research viewpoints are applied in an integrated approach.

Environment & sustainability

Socio-ecosysems are dynamic in time and space, which is determinated by the interaction between culture and nature, namely they are the result of continuous contact between men and environment. Consequently, understanding a socio-ecosystem implies that men and environment have to be studied as integrated parts. To interpret the causes, meanings and nature of changes of an ecological system, you have to make an estimation of the flexibility and adaptability of the soci-ecosystem. Changes in such systems can take place on different scales. This can be studied by geoarchaeology, because the dynamics of human behaviour in a socio-ecosystem can take place at the level of a house unit, a settlement, a city or a society. Our research focuses principally on these topics, which can be used for each level of human society:

    • Which available raw materials are important or even crucial to fulfil basic need for men?
    • What is the correlation between the type and location of the raw materials and the different levels of human society?
    • How does men responds to climatic changes, like aridity, sea-change levels, tectonic activity or changing hydrographical patterns?

This study will enable us to understand how men in the past has coped with stress on the sustainability of their environment.  A range of studies of ancient socio-ecosystems from different contexts can give a comprehensive, kaleidoscopic reflection of the interaction between men and palaeoenvironments.

Larnaca salt lake Outcrops Alassa

 

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