Currently, I started in a multidisciplinary research project (HOA 15) at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, focussed on the production of a low-cost device for optic analyses, based on the colour and the composition of glass. Three Departments of the Vrije Universiteit Brussel are partners in this project: TONA, Applied Physics and Fotonics (Prof. Dr. H. Thienpont and Dr. W. Meulebroeck); MACH/META, Materials and Chemistry (Prof. Dr. H. Terryn) and SKAR/MARI, Art Sciences and Archaeology (Karin Nys and Hilde Wouters). Read more...
My PhD research is about the ways in which the Cistercian monasteries in Europe were glazed. Although historical evidence points out an interesting contemporary practice in glazing, this is not yet proven by means of archaeological data. The most important site, so far, is ‘Ten Duinen’ - Koksijde (B). This collection of archaeological window glass contains more or less 15 000 fragments of stained- and plain window glass. The dating range is 13th to 16th century. The aim is to place this important collection in its context of other European Cistercian sites.
The next few months will be used for further intensive screening of excavation reports and to develop further contacts with the different national heritage services and archaeologists in order to achieve a good overview of the amount of archaeological window glass excavated on Cistercian sites all over Europe (England, France, Spain, Germany, Denmark, Cyprus, …).
Based on specific information about the dating range, the amount of fragments, the typology and the historical importance of the sites, a final selection of sites will be made originating from a large geographical area ranging from the north of England down to Cyprus and from Portugal to Sweden.
2007 - Licenciate/Master in Art Sciences and Archaeology (Vrije Universiteit Brussel)
Thesis: Het kasteel van Middelburg (O. Vl.). Een materiaalstudie van het vlakglas en het lood (campagnes 2002-2004)
2001 - Master in Conservation/Restoration – Glass (Hogeschool Antwerpen)
Thesis: Brabants vlakglas in de 16de en 17de eeuw. Een historische, iconografische, archeologische en chemische benadering
Selection of Publications
- W. De Clercq, D. Caluwé, B. Cooremans, F. De Buyser, K. De Groote, K. Deforce, A. Ervynck, A. Lentacker, S. Mortier, P. Pype, S. Vandenberghe, W. Van Neer & H. Wouters, ‘Living in times of war: waste of c. 1600 from two garderobe chutes in de castle of Middelburg-in-Flanders (Belgium), Post-Medieval Archaeology, 41/1 (2007), 1-63.
- O. Schalm, K. Janssens, H. Wouters & D. Caluwé, ‘Composition of 12th–18th century window glass in Belgium: Non-figurative windows in secular buildings and stained-glass windows in religious buildings’, Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, 62(2007), 663-668.
- O. Schalm, D. Caluwé, H. Wouters, K. Janssens, F. Verhaeghe & M. Pieters, ‘Chemical composition and deterioration of glass excavated in the 15th-16th century fishermen town of Raversijde (Belgium)’, Spectrochimica acta: part A: molecular and biomolecular spectroscopy, 59(2004), 1647-1656.
- O. Schalm, H. Wouters, K. Janssens, "Composition of Thirteenth to Seventeenth-century Glass from non-figurative windows in secular buildings excavated in Belgium", AIHV Annales du 16e Congres 2003, p. 352-355.